Main Article Content


In daily life, human being can never escape from language. There are two types of languages; the standard language and the non-standard languages. In Indonesia, the standard language is Bahasa Indonesia, while the non-standard languages are the languages of vernacular (local languages) and sub-cultural languages (slang, jargon, etc). Nowadays, most of teenagers use the non-standard language to communicate among their friends, which is called slang. There is a newslang in Indonesia which is called Alay language. The Alay language is popular among teenagers since 2008 until now. The purpose of this study were (1) to know the patterns used to modify Alay Language, (2) to know the effect of using Alay language on the standard form of Indonesian language, and (3) to find out the purpose of Alay Language used by teenagers in Makassar. This research uses descriptive analysis method. The research data were taken from the conversations that contained of Alay's words, which were previously made on the internet by Facebook social network users. Other supporting data were the questionnaires. The results of this study indicated that (1) There were no standard rules in modifying Alay Language, but the most common process was Substitution Process with a frequency of 38%. (2) The use of Alay Language had both the positive and negative effects on the existence of standard language, Indonesian language. (3) One of the reasons of using the Alay language was to be called “cool”.


sub-cultural language Alay language, transitional process.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sarira, M. (2019). Analisis Karakter Bahasa Alay Kaum Remaja Di Kota Makassar. Pusaka: Journal of Tourism, Hospitality, Travel and Business Event, 1(1), 8-13.


  1. Alwasih, A. Chaer. (2003). Pengantar Sosiologi Bahasa: Angkasa
  2. Alwi, Hasan, dkk. (2012). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.
  3. Collins Cobuild Advanced Dictionary of English, 2009
  4. Fasold, Ralph.(2004). The Sociolinguistics of Society. England: Basil Blackwell Publisher.
  5. Hudson, R.A. (2000). Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  6. Kridalaksana, Harimurti. (1995). Fungsi Bahasa dan Sikap Bahasa. Flores: Nusa Indah.
  7. Kridalaksana, Harimurti. (2006). Pembentukan Kata Dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama
  8. Kridalaksana, Harimurti. (2011). Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama
  9. Mardalis. (2002). Metode Penelitian. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara
  10. Maryani, Sri. (2008). Stuktur Morfologis Bahasa Gaul. Unpublished Thesis.
  11. Nababan, P.W.J. (2003) Sosiolinguistik: Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
  12. Rasubala, Paulus J.T. (2008). Indonesian Slang in mMakassar. Unpublished Thesis.
  13. Suhendra, Yusuf. (2008). Fonetik dan Fonologi. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama
  14. Wardhaugh, Ronald. (2008). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. New York: Basil Blackwell, Inc.
  15. Wicaksono, Andri. (2010). Tinjauan Linguistik Bahasa Alay dalam Konstelasi Kebahasaan Saat Ini. Unpublished Thesis..