Main Article Content


Afterward, the tourism sector contributes to environmental impact. Accelerating the tourism sector’s role to achieve net zero carbon tourism activities for a higher quality experience is indispensable. Instead, there is currently a change in tourism trends that focus on developing sustainable tourism and implementing low-carbon tourism within sustainable development resulting in green job opportunities that positively impact economics, socio-cultural, environment, and communities. Based on several previous studies, not much research has been found on the implications of the role of green jobs in developing the tourism sector in Indonesia. Qualitative literature methods such as journals, books, study reports, statistical reports, and policy and regulations, and the acquisition of data and information are analyzed using the VRIO (value, rarity, imitability, and organization) approach. Commence by identifying the issue related to low-carbon tourism and their impact on the value creation of green jobs as an enabler to support sustainable tourism, resource capacity, and competitiveness, and the results of the VRIO analysis to obtain strategic implications. Indonesia's low-carbon tourism sector has four key elements that can provide a sustainable competitive advantage: environmental innovation, investment in an environmentally friendly tourism industry, human resource capacity, and green skills.


Green jobs implication low-carbon tourism

Article Details

Author Biographies

Mahardhika Berliandaldo, Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Jakarta, Indonesia

Policy Analyst, Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Jakarta, Indonesia

Angga Wijaya Holman Fasa, Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Jakarta Republic of Indonesia

Policy Analyst at Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Republic of Indonesia

Muhammad Iqbal Rosyidi, Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Jakarta, Indonesia

 Researcher (Research and Development),  Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Jakarta, Indonesia

Dini Andriani, Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Jakarta, Indonesia

Food Science and Technology,  Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Jakarta, Indonesia
How to Cite
Berliandaldo, M., Fasa, A., Rosyidi, M., & Andriani, D. (2024). Implications of the Role of Green Jobs in the Development of Low-Carbon Tourism. Pusaka: Journal of Tourism, Hospitality, Travel and Business Event, 6(1), 166-176.


  1. Alonso-Almeida, M.-M., Rocafort, A., & Borrajo, F. (2016). Shedding Light on Eco-Innovation in Tourism: A Critical Analysis. In Sustainability (Vol. 8, Issue 12).
  2. Anbumozhi, V., & Kawai, M. (2015). Toward a Low-Carbon Asia: Challenges of Economic Development. In Managing the Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy: Perspectives, Policies, and Practices from Asia (pp. 11–44). Asian Development Bank Institute.
  3. Badan Pelaksana Otorita Danau Toba. (2022). Siaran Pers: Wujudkan Komitmen Bangun Sustainable Tourism Di Kawasan TCR, Danau Toba Jadi DPSP Pertama Pengguna Green Energy. Https://Www.Bpodt.Id/Siaran-Pers-Wujudkan-Komitmen-Bangun-Sustainable-Tourism-Di-Kawasan-Tcr-Danau-Toba-Jadi-Dpsp-Pertama-Pengguna-Green-Energy/.
  4. Barney, J. B. (2001). Resource-based theories of competitive advantage: A ten-year retrospective on the resource-based view. Journal of Management, 27(6), 643–650.
  5. Barney, J. B. (2014). Gaining and sustaining competitive advantage. Pearson Higher Ed.
  6. Barney, J. B., & Hesterly., W. S. (2015). Strategic Management and Competitive Advantage Concepts and Cases (15th ed.). Pearson Education Limited.
  7. Battaglia, M., Cerrini, E., & Annesi, N. (2018). Can environmental agreements represent an opportunity for green jobs? Evidence from two Italian experiences. Journal of Cleaner Production, 175, 257–266.
  8. Bhaktikul, K., Aroonsrimorakot, S., Laiphrakpam, M., & Paisantanakij, W. (2021). Toward low-carbon tourism for sustainable development: a study based on a royal project for highland community development in Chiang Rai, Thailand. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 23(7), 10743–10762.
  9. Can, H., & Hongbing, D. (2011). The model of developing low-carbon tourism in the context of leisure economy. Energy Procedia, 5, 1974–1978.
  10. Candrea, A. N., & Hertanu, A. (2015). We are developing ecotourism destinations in Romania. A case study approach. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov. Economic Sciences. Series V, 8(2), 163.
  11. Cecere, G., & Mazzanti, M. (2017). Green jobs and eco-innovations in European SMEs. Resource and Energy Economics, 49, 86–98.
  12. Chaabane, W., Nassour, A., Bartnik, S., Bünemann, A., & Nelles, M. (2019). Shifting Towards Sustainable Tourism: Organizational and Financial Scenarios for Solid Waste Management in Tourism Destinations in Tunisia. Sustainability, 11(13), 3591.
  13. Consoli, D., Marin, G., Marzucchi, A., & Vona, F. (2016). Do green jobs differ from non-green jobs regarding skills and human capital? Research Policy, 45(5), 1046–1060.
  14. Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (Fifth edit). SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA.
  15. Dell’Anna, F. (2021). Green jobs and energy efficiency are strategies for economic growth and reducing environmental impacts. Energy Policy, 149, 112031.
  16. Deschenes, O. (2015). Green Jobs. In J. D. B. T.-I. E. of the S. & B. S. (Second et al. (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition) (pp. 372–378). Elsevier.
  17. Dewi, R., & Maruf, A. (2017). Analisis Penciptaan Green Jobs (Pekerjaan Hijau) di Indonesia Menggunakan Model Skenario Investasi Hijau. Journal of Economics Research and Social Sciences, 1(1), 53–64.
  18. Dimoska, T., & Trimcev, B. (2012). Competitiveness Strategies for Supporting Economic Development of the Touristic Destination. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 44, 279–288.
  19. Economist Intelligence. (2022). Tourism Outlook 2023 Turbulence in the travel industry.
  20. European Commission. (2018). Flash Eurobarometer 456: Small and Medium Enterprises, Resource Efficiency and Green Markets (Report).
  21. European Investment Bank. (2021). Flights, meat, and video streaming: What people in the EU, the US, and China are willing to give up to fight climate change.
  22. G20 Indonesia. (2022). G20 Bali Leaders’ Declaration.
  23. International Labour Organization. (2007). Green Jobs: Climate Change in the world of work. World of Work Magazine, No. 60, August 2007, 1–48.
  24. International Labour Organization. (2011). Skills For Green Jobs A Global View: Synthesis Report Based On 21 Country Studies.
  25. International Labour Organization. (2012a). Promoting Green Jobs and Livelihoods in Sustainable Tourism: Ecotourism and Green Homestays.
  26. International Labour Organization. (2012b). Strategic Plan Sustainable Tourism and Green Jobs for Indonesia.
  27. International Labour Organization. (2013). Sustainable development, decent work, and green jobs.
  28. International Labour Organization. (201